What are the main benefits of the First National Space Programme?
Apart from lifting Malaysia’s name in the international arena, this programme has increased public interest and awareness of the importance of science and technology in our daily life. It has also helped cultivate a sense of
pride in all Malaysians. As mentioned above, these are some of the intangible benefits from the First National 7 Angkasawan Programme.
On the other hand, the tangible benefit received is the results from the microgravity science research program that was carried out during the National Angkasawan Programme. This research program was conducted by a
team of researchers from UKM, UM, UPM, UiTM, MARDI and the Institute of Aviation Medicine, MINDEF. All the scientific research that was carried out showed very impressive results. In fact, some of the findings have
produced a successful number of patents that have been filed in Europe, United States, Japan and at least one spin-off technology will be further commercialized.
The Malaysian Angkasawan has also received international recognition as he was requested by international space agencies such as JAXA and ESA to conduct some scientific experiments.
Does Malaysian Government still aim to continue with the Second National Space Programme?
The Government has agreed to proceed with the Second National Angkasawa Programme. Continuation of the National Angkasawan Programme is essential to ensure the continuity and development of national
capability in the space sector and other related fields such as microgravity science, technology, life support system and international cooperation. However, the Government will assess, from time to time, the necessity of
sending a second Angkasawan on other missions.
The Angkasawan Programme is considered a high content project which involves various aspects that require detail specifications and examinations. The mission should possess content that will provide returns to the
country in the area of scientific discovery, generating new knowledge and also generating towards the nation‟s economy. Such programs require a longer scientific mission at the International Space Station (ISS). The
developments of these scientific missions were initiated by the Ministry through its agencies for the past 2 years. Another important aspect would be the collaboration programme with Russia or the United States. This is simply
because only these two countries have the capability to send astronauts to the ISS. The Ministry has already held several preliminary discussions with space agencies from both countries and further discussions will be
arranged. To date, the details of this cooperation are still being studied by the government.
How efficient is the National Tsunami Early Warning System?
Malaysian Tsunami Early Warning System (MTEWS) consists of three components, namely the Information and Data Collection Component, the Processing and Analysis Component and the Dissemination Component. The
Information and Data Component comprises of 28 seismic stations, 17 tide stations, three tsunami buoys, and 18 coastal cameras. Data from all stations are received in real time and the monitoring of earthquakes and
tsunamis are done continuously 24 hours a day throughout the year.
At the regional and international levels, MTEWS is linked to 25 seismic stations and 36 tide stations in near real 9 time. MTEWS is also linked to the Pacific Tsunami Warning Center (PTWC), Hawaii, USA, Japan Tsunami Early
Warning Centre, Japan Meteorological Agency, the Indian Tsunami Early Warning Centre, the Meteorological Climatological and Geophysical Agency of Indonesia and the Bureau of Meteorology, Australia to receive
tsunami early warning. All this information is linked to the MTEWS to produce timely and accurate information about the earthquake and tsunami.
Tsunami warning information is disseminated through the SMS Gateway, mobile, crawler TV, hotline, fax, Fixed Line Alert System (FLAS) and MMD‟s website. Tsunami early warning sirens are installed at 23 strategic locations
and are activated in the event that a tsunami threat is expected to affect the coastal communities.
Earthquake information and tsunami early warning will be issued within 12 minutes after an earthquake event.
How the severe weather warning disseminate widely to the public?
The MMD uses communication medium in dissemination of information such as through SMS to individuals and disaster management agencies on early warning of severe weather.
Announcement in the form of ‘crawlers’ also issued through major local electronic media such as RTM, TV3, Astro Awani and Bernama. In addition, the current weather update is also broadcasted twice a day through
RTM in its Selamat Pagi Malaysia programme at 8:30 am and Berita Wilayah programme at 5:15 pm. Through these programmes, current weather information and severe weather warnings are made available to the
Similar information is also disseminated to local radio station and major newspapers nationwide. The MMD also issued press release regarding the warnings or advisories through the official website at www.met.gov.my